What is heart disease?
There are different types of heart disease. Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease which can lead to sudden death due to heart attack. It is caused by the steady build-up of fatty deposits on the walls of the arteries in the heart (the coronary arteries) on which blood clots might form. These deposits make the artery to become narrow, and make it harder to supply the heart muscle with the oxygen and nutrients which they need to function normally.
What is a heart attack?
Heart attacks are the most common result of coronary heart disease. Someone has a heart attack when their coronary arteries become blocked. This blockage will stop blood supply to the heart’s muscles meaning it can’t get the oxygen they needed. Starving for oxygen, the heart can’t pump properly, and in severe cases it may effectively stop beating altogether which can results in death of a person.
Damage to the heart muscle can lead to heart failure – in that case the heart can no longer pump blood around the body normally. This leads to symptoms such as puffiness of the ankles and breathing problems which affect for rest of the life and it becomes progressively worse. Though Medicines are there which can help limit the impact of heart failure, there is no cure at the moment.
Heavy drinking in Long Time can lead to heart disease
Drinking Alcohol, more than in moderation regularly and over a long period of time can increase the risk of developing heart disease.
This is because, drinking at this level can:
- Increase the risk of high blood pressure.
- Drinking excess Alcohol causes raised blood pressure which is one of the most important risk factors for having a heart attack or a stroke.
- Increased blood pressure is also a result that caused by weight gain by excessive drinking
- Heavy drinking weakens the heart muscle, which means the heart can’t pump blood as efficiently. It’s known as Cardiomyopathy and can even cause premature death, due to heart failure.
- Binge drinking can make heart beat irregularly
Holiday Heart Syndrome:
The name Holiday Heart Syndrome was coined in 1978. People who have it definitely won’t be have a relaxing time. In fact they feel like they are having a heart attack – characterized by severe pain in the center of the chest. It got its name because of the condition tend to increase around holiday times or after weekends, when people be likely to drink more
Holiday Heart Syndrome tends to come after heavy drinking – usually at least 15 units (about seven and a half pints of 4% beer or one and a half bottles of 13% wine).
If this happens, the heart starts to beat irregularly making feel you breathless.
Blood pressure changes, increasing the risk of heart attack and may be even unexpected death.
Alcohol can work as a protective agent for the heart – but when it’s within moderation over 45 + Age
Research suggests that Alcohol in moderation can have a protective effect on the heart. These benefits can have to women of 45 + of age when they drink well within the lower risk guidelines.
A scientist doesn’t sure how alcohol has this protective effect, but they think there are two main mechanism Preventing artery damage. Alcohol increases the level of ‘good’ cholesterol (HDL) in the blood. This reduces the fatty deposits (atheroma) which narrows our arteries and makes them more likely to block.
Preventing blood clots (‘thrombosis’)
Alcohol will to prevent the formation of blood clots which can close off the arteries, causing a heart attack. It reduces the stickiness of platelets so they can move freely and not clump together to form clots. A slight quantity of alcohol with a meal can reduce the sudden rise of a protein (fibrinogen) produced by the liver, which concerned in formation of clot.